DNA Ancestry Combo Test
Trace your maternal and paternal lineages with DNA. With a simple DNA sample, you can trace your family roots back to thousands of years.
- COMBO test. Includes mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) and Y-DNA STR testing
- Trace your direct maternal & paternal lineages
- Access to our extensive databases so you can match your DNA to populations around the world, find long-lost relatives, discover ancient origins & compare against famous people
- ONLY men can take this combination test
Trace your maternal lineage with mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) and paretnal lineage with Y-DNA with this Combo Ancestry DNA test. MtDNA is passed from mother to child allowing you to trace the ancestry of your direct maternal line. Y-DNA is passed from father to son, proving a method to trace direct paternal lines.
Important: Only MEN can take this combo test since only men inherit Y-DNA. Women who are wishing to trace their paternal line has to test Y-DNA from a direct male line relative. Women can trace their maternal lineage with a DNA Maternal Ancestry Test).
Select from the following options:
- Standard Test: 20 Y-STR markers and mtDNA HVR1 sequence. This is often all that is required to achieve an adequate resolution.
- Advanced Test: 44 Y-STR markers and mtDNA HVR1 + HVR2 sequence.
- Premium Test: 101 Y-STR markers and the full mtDNA genome sequence (HVR1 + HVR2 + Coding Region). This provides the highest resolution.
If you are unsure, it is possible to upgrade your test at a later date. Start by taking the Standard Test and if the resolution is insufficient upgrade to either the Advanced or Premium Test.
What is mitochondrial DNA testing?
Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) is passed down from a mother to her children. As mitochondrial DNA does not recombine with the DNA from the father, the mtDNA of a person is almost identical to that of their mother, grandmother, great grandmother and so on. This makes mtDNA a powerful tool for tracing maternal ancestry.
The mitochondrial genome has three regions, two small hypervariable (HVR) regions and a large coding region. It is possible to just sequence each of the HVR regions, both HVR regions or the complete genome, which includes the HVR regions and the coding region.
The hypervariable regions have most of the variation found in mtDNA. So, if two people are perfectly matched after sequencing just the HVR1 and HVR2 regions, adding in the coding region will allow a more detailed comparison between the two individuals. A perfect match between the entire mitochondrial genome will suggest the two individuals descended from the same maternal line.
What is Y-DNA STR testing?
This Y-DNA STR (short tandem repeat) test allows tracing paternal ancestry by analyzing specific regions of the Y chromosome, which is passed down from father to son. This test allows tracing of the direct paternal lineage (father, grandfather, great grandfather ….paternal lineage).
A Y-DNA STR test analyzes specific regions of the Y chromosome called STRs. STRs are repeating sequences of DNA that can be used to identify and compare the Y chromosomes of different individuals. STR analysis determines the exact number of repeat units in a sample. Since STRs change frequently the number of repeats will differ between individuals. Closely related individuals will have similar Y-STR profiles to those that do not belong to the same paternal line.
The Y-DNA profiles generated from each test will examine a set number of STRs. The Premium Test that measures 101 STRs will provide the highest resolution and most precise calculations.